Send to

Choose Destination
Arch Surg. 2011 Jun;146(6):683-9. doi: 10.1001/archsurg.2011.116.

Comparative analysis of resection and liver transplantation for intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma: a 24-year experience in a single center.

Author information

Dumont-UCLA Transplant Center, Pfleger Liver Institute, Division of Liver and Pancreas Transplantation, Department of Surgery, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.



To compare the survival difference between 2 surgical modalities in the treatment of locally advanced intrahepatic and hilar cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) and to identify factors that predict mortality.


Retrospective study.


University transplant center.


Of the 132 patients with a diagnosis of CCA treated from February 1, 1985, through June 30, 2009, 75 had metastatic disease at presentation and were excluded from the study, whereas 57 patients were candidates for surgical therapy. Tumor type was intrahepatic in 37 patients and hilar in 20 patients. Surgical therapy included orthotopic liver transplant (OLT) in 38 patients and combined radical bile duct resection with partial hepatectomy (RR) in 19 patients.


Tumors were locally advanced in 35 of 37 patients (95%) with intrahepatic tumors and 16 of 20 patients (80%) with hilar tumors. Adjunctive therapy was used in 35 patients (61%). The 5-year tumor recurrence-free patient survival was significantly higher in the OLT group compared with the RR group (33% vs 0%; P = .05). In the OLT group, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies resulted in better patient survival compared with no therapy or adjuvant therapy only (47% vs 20% vs 33%, respectively; P = .03). Multivariate factors predictive of worse survival outcomes included hilar CCA, multifocal tumors, perineural invasion, and RR as the treatment modality compared with OLT. Tumor sizes--5 cm or larger for intrahepatic and 3 cm or larger for hilar CCA--were not predictors of poor outcome.


Orthotopic liver transplant in combination with neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies is superior to RR with adjuvant therapy in locally advanced intrahepatic and hilar CCA.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center