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Int J Radiat Biol. 2011 Aug;87(8):878-88. doi: 10.3109/09553002.2011.583314. Epub 2011 Jun 21.

Radiation decreases murine small intestinal HCO3- secretion.

Author information

1
Vascular Medicine Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. K. Zhang

Abstract

PURPOSE:

While secretagogue-induced diarrhea is rich in chloride (Cl(-)) and bicarbonate (HCO(3) (-)) anions, little is known about diarrhea or its anionic composition following irradiation. We performed studies to characterize the differences between cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-stimulated anion secretions in irradiated and non-irradiated mice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

HCO(3) (-) secretion was examined in basal, cAMP-stimulated, and irradiated jejunal tissues from BALB/c (Bagg albino) mice. The abdomens of the mice were γ-irradiated using a caesium-137 source.

RESULTS:

Ussing-chamber experiments performed in an HCO(3)(-)-containing, Cl(-)-free solution on the bath side showed inhibition of HCO(3)(-) in irradiated mice. Non-irradiated mice exhibited bumetanide-sensitive and insensitive current, while irradiated mice displayed bumetanide-sensitive current. pH-stat experiments showed inhibition of basal and cAMP-stimulated HCO(3)(-) secretions in irradiated mice. Immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis displayed a sodium-bicarbonate cotransporter expression in the villus and not the crypt of non-irradiated mice, while its expression and protein levels decreased in irradiated mice.

CONCLUSIONS:

Anion secretions in irradiated mice, being primarily Cl(-) and minimally HCO(3)(-), differ from that of secretagogue-induced anion secretions. Understanding anion loss will help us correct electrolyte imbalances, while reduced HCO(3)(-) secretion in the upper-gastrointestinal tract might also have implications for irradiation-induced nausea and vomiting.

PMID:
21689053
DOI:
10.3109/09553002.2011.583314
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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