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Physiol Behav. 1990 Jun;47(6):1157-63.

Dietary hyperphagia in rats: role of fat, carbohydrate, and energy content.

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Monell Chemical Senses Center, Philadelphia, PA 19104-3308.


Dietary energy, fat and carbohydrate content were varied to determine the nutritional factors responsible for hyperphagia induced by feeding rats high-fat diets. In the first experiment, rats were fed isoenergetic high-fat or high-carbohydrate diets for 2 weeks. Weight gain and energy intake were lower in rats given the high-fat diet. When some of the rats were switched to a diet that was high in fat, carbohydrate and energy, gram food intake was initially unchanged, resulting in a substantial increase in energy intake and weight gain. Energy intake gradually declined over the 4 weeks following the switch to the high-energy diet. In the second experiment, rats were fed high-fat diets that were either high or low in carbohydrate content and either high or low in energy content (kcal/g). Rats fed a high-fat diet that was high in energy and carbohydrate ate the most energy and gained the most body weight and carcass fat. In the third experiment, rats were fed high-carbohydrate diets varying in fat and cellulose content. Energy intake and body weight gain varied directly as a function of caloric density regardless of the fat or cellulose content of the diets. It is concluded that hyperphagia induced by feeding high-fat diets is not due to the high dietary fat content alone. Rather, high levels of fat, carbohydrate, and energy interact to produce overeating and obesity in rats fed high-fat diets.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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