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Genes Dev. 2011 Jun 15;25(12):1289-305. doi: 10.1101/gad.624711.

Biological significance of 5S rRNA import into human mitochondria: role of ribosomal protein MRP-L18.

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1
"Génétique Moléculaire, Génomique, Microbiologie" (GMGM), Université de Strasbourg-CNRS, France.

Abstract

5S rRNA is an essential component of ribosomes of all living organisms, the only known exceptions being mitochondrial ribosomes of fungi, animals, and some protists. An intriguing situation distinguishes mammalian cells: Although the mitochondrial genome contains no 5S rRNA genes, abundant import of the nuclear DNA-encoded 5S rRNA into mitochondria was reported. Neither the detailed mechanism of this pathway nor its rationale was clarified to date. In this study, we describe an elegant molecular conveyor composed of a previously identified human 5S rRNA import factor, rhodanese, and mitochondrial ribosomal protein L18, thanks to which 5S rRNA molecules can be specifically withdrawn from the cytosolic pool and redirected to mitochondria, bypassing the classic nucleolar reimport pathway. Inside mitochondria, the cytosolic 5S rRNA is shown to be associated with mitochondrial ribosomes.

PMID:
21685364
PMCID:
PMC3127430
DOI:
10.1101/gad.624711
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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