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J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 1990 Sep;71(3):631-8.

The resistance to parathyroid hormone of fibroblasts from some patients with type Ib pseudohypoparathyroidism is reversible with dexamethasone.

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Laboratoire du Calcium et Tissu Osseux dans l'Organisme en Developpement, CNRS URA 583, Paris, France.


Skin fibroblasts from some patients with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ib (PHP-Ib) are resistant to PTH. To characterize the defect producing PTH resistance in these cells and determine whether the abnormality is potentially reversible, we evaluated the ability of fibroblasts from patients with PHP-Ib to produce cAMP in response to PTH both before and after exposure to dexamethasone, an agent known to increase PTH responsiveness in other cell types. Before dexamethasone treatment, fibroblasts from five of eight patients with PTH-Ib produced reduced amounts of cAMP in response to PTH (but not prostaglandin E1 and forskolin) compared to that of control cells (6.3 +/- 1.0 and 37.3 +/- 6.3 pmol cAMP/100 micrograms protein, respectively). Whereas dexamethasone pretreatment had no effect on cAMP production by control or PTH-responsive PHP-Ib fibroblasts, it resulted in a dose-dependent increase in PTH-induced cAMP production by PTH-resistant fibroblasts to normal levels in four of five cases. Studies evaluating the binding of radiolabeled PTH did not permit quantification of the small number of high affinity PTH receptors present on these cells. We conclude that PTH resistance in PHP-Ib patients with PTH-resistant fibroblasts results from an abnormality in the expression of or coupling to cyclase of high affinity PTH-receptor complexes. Because it is expressed in only some tissues and is reversible, the defect could be regulatory in nature.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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