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Virus Res. 2011 Sep;160(1-2):120-7. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2011.05.022. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

The E3 CR1-gamma gene in human adenoviruses associated with epidemic keratoconjunctivitis.

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Howe Laboratory, Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, Department of Ophthalmology, Harvard Medical School, 243 Charles Street, Boston, MA 02114, USA.


Human adenovirus species D type 37 (HAdV-D37) is an important etiologic agent of epidemic keratoconjunctivitis. Annotation of the whole genome revealed an open reading frame (ORF) in the E3 transcription unit predicted to encode a 31.6kDa protein. This ORF, also known as CR1-γ, is predicted to be an integral membrane protein containing N-terminal signal sequence, luminal, transmembrane, and cytoplasmic domains. HAdV-D19 (C), another viral pathogen causing epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, contains an ORF 100% identical to its HAdV-D37 homologue but only 66% identical to other HAdV-D homologues. Kinetics of RNA expression and confirmation of splicing to the adenovirus tripartite leader sequence suggest a role for the protein product of CR1-γ in the late stages of the viral replication cycle. Confocal microscopy is consistent with expression in the cytoplasm. Sequence analysis reveals a hypervariable luminal domain and a conserved cytoplasmic domain. The luminal domain is predicted to contain multiple N-glycosylation sites. The cytoplasmic domain contains a putative protein kinase C phosphorylation site and potential YXXϕ and dileucine (LL) motifs suggesting a potential role in modification of host proteins.

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