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Ann Hum Biol. 2011 Jul;38(4):445-52. doi: 10.3109/03014460.2011.590531. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

A whole family approach to childhood obesity management (GOALS): relationship between adult and child BMI change.

Author information

1
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, UK. p.m.watson@ljmu.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A growing body of evidence advocates a multidisciplinary, family-focused approach to childhood obesity management, but there is a need to explore familial factors associated with intervention success.

AIM:

This study explored the relationship between adult BMI change and child BMI SDS change following completion of a community-based, lifestyle change intervention for obese children and families (Getting Our Active Lifestyles Started (GOALS)).

METHOD:

Sixty of 121 families with overweight children completed the GOALS intervention between September 2006 and March 2009.Complete pre- and post-intervention (6 months) BMI data was available for 47 of these families, 26 of whom attended 12-month follow-up. Child BMI was converted to age- and sex-specific standard deviation scores (SDS) using the 1990 UK growth references.

RESULTS:

There was a strong correlation between adult BMI change and child BMI SDS change from pre- to post-intervention (r = 0.53, p < 0.001) and from pre-intervention to 12-month follow up (r = 0.72, p < 0.001). Over both time periods, children with adults who reduced BMI were more likely to reduce BMI SDS (p < 0.01) and showed a greater reduction in BMI SDS (p < 0.01) than children with adults who maintained or increased BMI.

CONCLUSION:

The results showed a strong positive association between adult BMI change and child BMI SDS change, particularly during the post-intervention period where therapeutic contact was minimal. The findings suggest active involvement of adult family members in the weight loss process improves child treatment outcomes.

PMID:
21682574
DOI:
10.3109/03014460.2011.590531
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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