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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2011 Oct;60(10):1497-502. doi: 10.1007/s00262-011-1060-0. Epub 2011 Jun 17.

Dendritic cells combining with cytokine-induced killer cells synergize chemotherapy in patients with late-stage non-small cell lung cancer.

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Department of Pulmonary Disease, Shanghai Chest Hospital, 241#, West Huaihai Road, Shanghai, China.



Lung cancer is the leading cause for cancer-related mortality and morbidity, and the survival of late-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) remains poor. We hereby evaluate conventional chemotherapy followed by immunotherapy using dendritic cells and cytokine-induced killer cells in the treatment for late stage of NSCLC.


Twenty-eight untreated patients suffered from IIIB to IV NSCLC were enrolled in the study between August 2004 and October 2005, and all received four courses of vinorelbine-platinum (NP) chemotherapy. Fourteen of them received conventional NP chemotherapy followed by vaccinated with CEA (605-613) peptide-pulsed autologous dendritic cells and CIK cells. Vaccination was repeated at 30-day intervals for 4 cycles. The adverse effects, time to progression (TTP), and overall survival (OS) in each group were evaluated.


The adverse effect as a result of chemoimmunotherapy was mild and tolerable. Rash, acne, and pruritus were more frequent in the chemoimmunotherapy group than in the chemotherapy group (64.2% vs. 7.1%, P = 0.004). Non-infectious fever was more frequent in the chemoimmunotherapy group than in the chemotherapy group (71.4% vs. 21.4% P = 0.02). Less grade 3/4 fatigue was observed in patients receiving chemoimmunotherapy: 7.1% versus 57.1% in chemotherapy group, P = 0.01. Compared with patients in chemotherapy group, time to progression in chemoimmunotherapy significantly prolonged, with the median improved from 5.2 months (95% CI: 3.3-6.0) to 6.9 months (95% CI: 5.0-8.8) (P = 0.03). The 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were 64.3, 49, and 21.0%, respectively in chemoimmunotherapy group. Overall survival rate showed no statistically difference between two groups (P = 0.18).


Chemoimmunotherapy could alleviate adverse effects of conventional chemotherapy and prolong survival for patients with late-stage NSCLC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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