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Cell Immunol. 2011;270(2):95-102. doi: 10.1016/j.cellimm.2011.04.011. Epub 2011 May 5.

Host derived inflammatory phospholipids regulate rahU (PA0122) gene, protein, and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

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Research Department, Carilion Clinic and Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine, Roanoke, VA 24013, USA.


This study describes the role of "inflammatory" oxidized (Ox) phospholipids in regulation of rahU (PA0122) expression and biofilm formation in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (383) wild type (rahU(+)) and rahU mutant (rahU(-)) strains. Functional analysis of RahU protein from P. aeruginosa in presence of Ox-phospholipids show: (a) LysoPC modulates RahU gene/and protein expression in rahU(+) cells; (b) rahU promoter activity is increased by lysoPC and inhibited by PAPC, Ox-PAPC and arachidonic acid; the latter inhibitory effect can be reversed by lysoPC, which was enzymatically derived from PAPC; (c) biofilm formation increased in rahU(-) cells as compared to rahU(+); and (d) inhibition of rahU promoter activity by PAPC and AA (but not lysoPC) showed significantly augmented biofilm formation in rahU(+) but not in rahU(-) cells. This study shows that host derived Ox-phospholipids affect P. aeruginosa-rahU gene and protein expression, which in turn modulates biofilm formation. The accompanying paper describes the role of RahU protein in eukaryotic-host cells.

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