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Lett Appl Microbiol. 2011 Sep;53(3):278-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1472-765X.2011.03102.x. Epub 2011 Jul 4.

A novel DNA extraction and duplex polymerase chain reaction assay for the rapid detection of Prototheca zopfii genotype 2 in milk.

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1
College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

Abstract

AIMS:

To develop a PCR-based assay to detect Prototheca zopfii (P. zopfii) and its mastitis-related subtype (genotype 2) directly from milk samples.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

The DNA extraction method herein is based on the lysing properties of chemical agents, mechanical grinding and DNA-binding properties of silica particles; this method was developed to rapidly extract DNA directly from P. zopfii in bovine milk. Two pairs of primers specific for P. zopfii and genotype 2 were used in the duplex PCR, and a sensitivity test showed that the detection level was 5 × 10(2) colony-forming units (CFU) ml(-1) for P. zopfii and 5 × 10(3) CFU ml(-1) for genotype 2. Furthermore, a practical survey of 23 milk samples showed that the assay produced results that were in accordance with those obtained by the conventional microbiology method.

CONCLUSIONS:

The DNA extraction method is effective in isolating sufficient quantities of DNA from P. zopfii in milk for PCR analysis. The PCR assay is economical, sensitive and more rapid than the conventional culture method.

SIGNIFICANCE AND IMPACT OF THE STUDY:

The assay could be used as an alternative method for the rapid the detection of bovine mastitis resulting from P. zopfii genotype 2.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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