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Blood Press. 2011 Dec;20(6):370-5. doi: 10.3109/08037051.2011.588484. Epub 2011 Jun 16.

Arterial wave reflection decreases gradually from supine to upright.

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Department of Vascular Medicine, Academic Medical Center, University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands.



An increase in total peripheral resistance (TPR) usually increases arterial wave reflection. During passive head-up tilt (HUT), however, arterial wave reflection decreases with increasing TPR. This study addressed whether arterial wave reflection gradually decreases during HUT.


In 10 healthy volunteers (22-39 years, nine males), we recorded finger arterial pressures in supine position (0°), and 30°and 70°degrees HUT and active standing (90°). Aortic pressure was constructed from the finger pressure signal and hemodynamics were calculated. Arterial wave reflection was quantified as the augmentation index (AIx) and the reflection magnitude (RM).


During HUT, heart rate increased (p < 0.001), stroke volume and cardiac output decreased (p < 0.001 and p < 0.01), diastolic blood pressure increased (p < 0.001), whereas systolic blood pressure did not change. TPR increased from 0.9 dyn s/cm(5) at 0? to 1.2, 1.4 and 1.4 dyn s/cm(5) at 30°, 70° and 90° (p < 0.001). AIx fell gradually from 25% at 0°to 16%, -1% and -10% at 30°, 70° and 90° (p < 0.001). The RM decreased from 0.572 at 0°to 0.456 at 90° (p < 0.001).


From supine to upright, arterial wave reflection represented as AIx and RM gradually decreases in the presence of increasing TPR.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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