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Neuroepidemiology. 2011;36(4):213-22. doi: 10.1159/000327915. Epub 2011 Jun 16.

Meta-analysis of homogeneous subgroups reveals association between PDE4D gene variants and ischemic stroke.

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1
Interdisciplinary Program in Bioinformatics, College of Natural Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An Icelandic study showed a significant positive association between phosphodiesterase 4D (PDE4D) gene variants and stroke. However, subsequent studies reported conflicting results, possibly due to small sample sizes and the heterogeneity of the studies.

METHOD:

We performed a meta-analysis on 6 SNPs of the PDE4D gene to investigate the association between this gene and ischemic stroke by integrating the results of previous studies, comprising 11,834 cases and 15,233 controls. A pooled genotypic odds ratio (OR) for each SNP was determined under 3 genetic models (i.e. dominant, recessive, and codominant) using both fixed- and random-effects models with consideration for heterogeneity and publication bias across studies.

RESULTS:

Among the SNPs included in this study, SNP56 (rs702553) showed the most significant association with ischemic stroke in a meta-analysis comprised of 7 homogenous studies. The overall OR of the TT genotype compared to the AA genotype was 1.29 (95% CI 1.03-1.61; p = 0.022). For SNP83 (rs966221), a protective effect of the ancestral allele T was observed only in Asian populations (ORTT 0.79, 95% CI 0.69-0.90; p = 0.0005). This meta-analysis revealed a significant association of PDE4D gene variants with the risk of ischemic stroke, and further investigations are warranted to evaluate possible ethnic-specific effects.

PMID:
21677445
DOI:
10.1159/000327915
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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