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Hum Pathol. 2011 Dec;42(12):1931-6. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2011.02.014. Epub 2011 Jun 14.

Immunohistochemical expression of prostate tumor overexpressed 1 in cystoprostatectomies with incidental and insignificant prostate cancer. Further evidence for field effect in prostatic carcinogenesis.

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Section of Pathological Anatomy, Polytechnic University of the Marche Region, School of Medicine, United Hospitals, 60126 Ancona, Italy.


Prostate tumor overexpressed 1 was recently identified as a novel gene and protein during a differential display screening for genes overexpressed in prostate cancer. It has been suggested that overexpression of prostate tumor overexpressed 1 can contribute to the proliferative status of prostate tumor cells and, thus, to their biologic behavior. Prostate tumor overexpressed 1 and Ki-67 were immunohistochemically evaluated in prostate cancer, high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, and normal-looking epithelium in 20 cystoprostatectomies and 20 radical prostatectomies with pT2a Gleason score 6 prostate cancer. The aim was to see whether there were differences in marker expression between cystoprostatectomies and radical prostatectomies. The proportions of prostate tumor overexpressed 1- and Ki-67-positive cells in the cystoprostatectomies and radical prostatectomies increased from normal-looking epithelium through high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, away from and adjacent to prostate cancer, to prostate cancer. Prostate tumor overexpressed 1 expression in prostate cancer in cystoprostatectomies was lower than in radical prostatectomies, the differences being significant; there were significant differences in Ki-67 indices. In conclusion, our findings related to prostate tumor overexpressed 1 expression in high-grade prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia, evaluated adjacent and away from prostate cancer, and in incidental and clinical cancers give further support to the concept of field effect in prostatic carcinogenesis as well as to differences in the process of prostatic carcinogenesis between cystoprostatectomies and radical prostatectomies.

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