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Clin Chim Acta. 2011 Sep 18;412(19-20):1788-92. doi: 10.1016/j.cca.2011.05.034. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Increased electronegative LDL and decreased antibodies against electronegative LDL levels correlate with inflammatory markers and adhesion molecules in hemodialysed patients.

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Institute of Biophysic Carlos Chagas Filho, Health Science Centre, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.



Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) patients present high levels of electronegative LDL (LDL-) that can modulate the expression of molecules involved in inflammation and it is closely linked to atherosclerosis. We investigated the association between LDL(-) and inflammatory markers in patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD).


Forty-seven HD patients from a private clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were studied and compared with 20 age matched healthy individuals. Serum LDL(-) and anti-LDL(-) autoantibody levels were measured by ELISA; TNF-α, IL-6, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 were determined by a multiplex assay kit.


HD patients presented higher IL-6 and TNF-α concentrations (4.1 ± 1.6 and 5.5 ± 2.1 pg/ml, respectively) than healthy subjects (2.6 ± 0.2 and 2.4 ± 1.1 pg/ml, respectively) (p=0.0001). In addition, they presented higher VCAM-1 and ICAM-1 levels and, LDL(-) concentrations were also increased (0.18 ± 0.12 U/l) when compared to healthy individuals (0.10 ± 0.08 U/l) (p<0.02). In contrast, the anti-LDL(-) autoantibody levels were lower in HD patients (0.02 ± 0.01 mg/l) than in healthy subjects (0.05 ± 0.03 mg/l) (p<0.001). There was a positive correlation between LDL(-) and IL-6 (r=0.25, p=0.004) and ICAM-1 (r=0.36; p=0.003). There was also a negative correlation between anti-LDL(-) autoantibodies and TNF-α (r=-0.37; p=0.003) and VCAM-1 (r=-0.50; p=0.0001).


The association between LDL(-) and inflammation and the lower levels of anti-LDL(-) autoantibodies are important risk factors related to atherosclerosis in CKD.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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