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Int Surg. 2011 Jan-Mar;96(1):18-20.

Review of third and fourth re-excision for narrow or positive margins of invasive and intraductal carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Providence Hospital and Medical Centers, Southfield, Michigan 48075, USA.

Abstract

The trend in breast surgery has shifted toward breast conservation. We reviewed our third and fourth breast re-excision cases, with an analysis of various factors used in making this decision. A retrospective analysis identified 585 patients who underwent re-excision surgery for positive or close margins of invasive carcinoma or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Of these patients 75 (13%) and 17 (3%) underwent third and fourth re-excisions, respectively. The indication for a third re-excision was the presence of positive and/or close (< or = 1 mm) margins for invasive carcinoma or DCIS in 72/75 patients. A third re-excision was done 31 days (range 8-123 days) after the second re-excision. Re-excision of margins was done in 45 (60%) patients, whereas 30 (40%) patients underwent mastectomy. Residual tumor mandated a fourth re-excision in 17 patients, which was done 45 days (range 14-87 days) after the third surgery. Re-excision of margins was done in 6 patients, whereas 11 patients underwent mastectomy. Involved or close margins with DCIS were the most common indication for re-excision, accounting for 61/75 (82%) of third and 16/17 (94%) of fourth re-excisions. Histopathology revealed that 28/75 (37%) of third and 7/17 (41%) of fourth re-excision patients had no residual tumor. In conclusion, the majority of re-excisions was done for margins < 1 mm. Lower rates of re-excision were noted in well-differentiated invasive carcinomas. A close or involved DCIS margin was more likely to lead to a third and even a fourth re-excision. The absence of residual tumors in 40% of patients undergoing third and fourth re-excisions calls for a review of margin guidelines for breast re-excision.

PMID:
21675615
DOI:
10.9738/1340.1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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