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Psychol Rep. 2011 Apr;108(2):625-37.

Prediction of intrinsic motivation and sports performance using 2 x 2 achievement goal framework.

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Physical Education Office, Ming Chuan University, 5 De-Ming Rd., Gweishan District, Taoyuan 333, Taiwan.


The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of 2 x 2 achievement goals on intrinsic motivation and performance in handball. Participants were 164 high school athletes. All completed the 2 x 2 Achievement Goals Questionnaire for Sport and the Intrinsic Motivation subscale of the Sport Motivation Scale; the coach for each team rated his athletes' overall sports performance. Using simultaneous-regression analyses, mastery-approach goals positively predicted both intrinsic motivation and performance in sports, whereas performance-avoidance goals negatively predicted sports performance. These results suggest that athletes who pursue task mastery and improvement of their competence perform well and enjoy their participation. In contrast, those who focus on avoiding normative incompetence perform poorly.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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