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Curr Opin Nephrol Hypertens. 2011 Sep;20(5):449-56. doi: 10.1097/MNH.0b013e32834902ad.

Aging and antihypertensive medication-related complications in the chronic kidney disease patient.

Author information

1
Division of Geriatric Medicine, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15213, USA. zam12@pitt.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

We have reviewed the recent literature to describe the potential medication errors and adverse drug events (ADEs) associated with antihypertensives among older adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD).

RECENT FINDINGS:

Overall, few studies have been published describing ADEs in older adults with CKD. Several examined hyperkalemia associated with angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor/angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB), diuretic (potassium-sparing), and β-blocker use. Additional studies described acute kidney injury (AKI) most commonly with ACE-inhibitor/ARB therapy. Finally, orthostatic hypotension was evaluated in those taking ACE-inhibitor/ARB, β-blocker, or calcium-channel blocker therapy. In the absence of robust literature examining these events in this understudied population, one must consider age-related antihypertensive pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic profiles concomitantly with the patient's comorbidities and other medications in order to minimize the risk for potential medication errors, drug-drug interactions, and ADEs.

SUMMARY:

Some of the most common ADEs associated with antihypertensive use in older adults with CKD include hyperkalemia, AKI, and orthostatic hypotension. Diligent monitoring of laboratory data, vital signs, and potential drug-drug interactions may mitigate serious ADEs caused by antihypertensives in this high-risk patient population.

PMID:
21670671
PMCID:
PMC3531992
DOI:
10.1097/MNH.0b013e32834902ad
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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