Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Immunopathol Pharmacol. 2011 Jan-Mar;24(1 Suppl 2):17-20.

Stimulation of bone formation and fracture healing with pulsed electromagnetic fields: biologic responses and clinical implications.

Author information

1
Interbalkan Medical Center, Orthopaedic Department, Thessaloniki, Greece.

Abstract

Pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) have been used for several years to supplement bone healing. However, the mode of action of this non-invasive method is still debated and quantification of its effect on fracture healing is widely varied. At cellular and molecular level, PEMF has been advocated to promote the synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins and exert a direct effect on the production of proteins that regulate gene transcription. Electromagnetic fields may also affect several membrane receptors and stimulate osteoblasts to secrete several growth factors such as bone morphogenic proteins 2 and 4 and TGF-beta. They could also accelerate intramedullary angiogenesis and improve the load to failure and stiffness of the bone. Although healing rates have been reported in up to 87 % of delayed unions and non-unions, the efficacy of the method is significantly varied while patient or fracture related variables could not be clearly associated with a successful outcome.

PMID:
21669132
DOI:
10.1177/03946320110241S204
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center