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Neurol Res. 2011 Jun;33(5):494-502. doi: 10.1179/016164111X13007856084124.

Effect of baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) apparent diffusion coefficient lesion volume on functional outcome in ischemic stroke.

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  • 1Radiology Department, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Neurosurgical Institute, Beijing, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

We explored the relationship between predicted infarct core, predicted ischemic penumbras and predicted final infarct volumes obtained though apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC)-based method, as well as other clinical variables, and functional outcome.

METHODS:

Patients with acute cerebral ischemic stroke were retrospectively recruited. The National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score was evaluated at baseline and the modified Rankin Scale (mRS) at day 90. Favorable outcome was defined as an mRS score of 0 to 2, and unfavorable outcome as 3 to 6. Multimodal stroke magnetic resonance imaging was carried out at presentation. The volumes of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) were measured using the regions of interest (ROI) method. The volumes of predicted infarct core, predicted ischemic penumbra and predicted final infarct were obtained by an automated image analysis system based on baseline ADC maps. The association between baseline magnetic resonance imaging volumes, baseline clinical variables, and functional outcome was statistically analyzed.

RESULTS:

The study included 30 males and 20 females (mean±SD age, 56±10 years). Baseline DWI, PWI and PWI-DWI mismatch volumes were not correlated with day-90 mRS (P>0.05). Predicted infarct core, predicted ischemic penumbra and predicted final infarct through ADC-based method were all correlated with day-90 mRS (P<0.05). A better outcome was associated with a smaller predicted volume. Low baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and recanalization also demonstrated a trend toward a favorable outcome. Receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that the area under the curve of predicted final infarct volume and recanalization were higher with statistical significance (P<0.001).

DISCUSSION:

Predicted volumes obtained from ADC-based methods, especially predicted final infarct volume, as well as baseline National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and recanalization may have effect on functional outcome in acute ischemic stroke.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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