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J Virol. 1990 Sep;64(9):4553-7.

Differential expression in human and mouse cells of human immunodeficiency virus pseudotyped by murine retroviruses.

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Laboratory of Persistent Viral Disease, Rocky Mountain Laboratories, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hamilton, Montana 59840.


Expression of cell surface CD4 influences susceptibility of cells to human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection; however, some CD4-positive human and mouse cells are still resistant to HIV infection. To search for mechanisms of resistance to HIV independent of CD4 expression, HIV expression was studied in human and mouse cells normally resistant to HIV infection by introducing infectious virus by transfection of HIV DNA or infection with HIV pseudotyped with amphotropic or polytropic murine leukemia viruses. The results indicated that even when barriers to viral entry were bypassed, mouse NIH 3T3 cells and Dunni cells still showed a marked reduction in number of cells expressing HIV compared with the human cells studied, although the intensity of immunostaining of individual positive mouse cells was indistinguishable from that seen on permissive human cell lines. CD4 expression in mouse cells or human brain or skin cells did not influence the number of HIV foci observed after transfection with HIV DNA or infection with pseudotyped HIV. These results suggested that in addition to a block in the usual HIV fusion and entry process, CD4-positive mouse cells differed from human cells in exhibiting partial resistance to HIV infection which acted at a postpenetration step in the infection cycle. This resistance was partially overcome when mouse cells were infected by direct exposure to human lymphocytes producing HIV pseudotyped by amphotropic murine leukemia virus.

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