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Nutr Hosp. 2011 Mar-Apr;26(2):323-9. doi: 10.1590/S0212-16112011000200013.

Importance of a balanced omega 6/omega 3 ratio for the maintenance of health: nutritional recommendations.

Author information

1
Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics Unit, La Paz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain. cgomez.hulp@salud.madrid.org

Abstract

The modification of dietary patterns has led to a change in fatty acid consumption, with an increase in the consumption of ω-6 fatty acids and a marked reduction in the consumption of ω-3 fatty acids. This in turn has given rise to an imbalance in the ω-6/ω-3 ratio, which is now very different from the original 1:1 ratio of humans in the past. Given the involvement of ω-6 and ω-3 essential fatty acids in disease processes, the present article examines changes in dietary patterns that have led to the present reduction in the consumption of ω-3 essential fatty acids, and to study the importance of the ω-6/ω-3 balance in maintaining good health. In addition, an assessment is made of the established recommendations for preventing a poor intake of ω-3 essential fatty acids, and the possible options for compensating the lack of these fatty acids in the diet.

PMID:
21666970
DOI:
10.1590/S0212-16112011000200013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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