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Vet Microbiol. 2011 Dec 15;153(3-4):361-6. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.037. Epub 2011 May 27.

Effect of the US3 protein of bovine herpesvirus 5 on the actin cytoskeleton and apoptosis.

Author information

1
Virology Institute, Veterinary and Agricultural Science Research Centre, National Institute of Agricultural Technology, B1712WAA, Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina. fladelfa@qb.fcen.uba.ar

Abstract

The US3 protein is a unique protein kinase only present in the Alphaherpesvirinae subfamily of the herpesviruses. Studies performed with several alphaherpesviruses demonstrated that the US3 protein is involved in cytoskeleton modifications during viral infection and displays anti-apoptotic activity. However, the US3 protein of BoHV-5 has not been studied up to now. As reported for other alphaherpesviruses, our results showed that BoHV-5 US3 confers resistance against apoptosis and induces cytoskeletal reorganization leading to cell rounding, actin stress fiber breakdown and cell projections that interconnect cells. The expression of a kinase-dead version of BoHV-5 US3 showed that the anti-apoptotic activity and the induction of cell projections are kinase-dependent whereas kinase activity is not absolutely required for actin stress fiber breakdown. Besides, the kinase-dead version of US3, but not the wild type protein, was found excluded from the nucleus. These results constitute the first report on the BoHV-5 US3 functions, and highlight that there are functional differences and similarities among US3 proteins of different alphaherpesviruses.

PMID:
21665386
DOI:
10.1016/j.vetmic.2011.05.037
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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