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Helv Paediatr Acta. 1978 Dec;33(6):497-507.

Growth retardation and bone mineral status in children with coeliac disease recognized after the age of 3 years.

Abstract

Growth data, clinical symptoms and bone mineral parameters were analyzed in 20 children with coeliac disease in whom the diagnosis was established by biopsy at age 3-13 years. Small stature and bone age retardation (greater than 2 SD) were present in 65% and 60%, respectively. Typical clinical symptoms of coeliac disease as found in the younger child were present in many cases, but 3 were completely asymptomatic except for severe growth retardation. Metacarpal diameters and cortical thickness were significantly decreased for chronological age but in most cases normal for bone age. Quantitative bone mineral analysis of the radius by computed tomography revealed normal values for height and weight in the 4 cases investigated. It is concluded that coeliac disease should always be considered in the differential diagnosis of retarded growth and bone age. "Osteoporosis" may occur in coeliac disease, but does not necessarily accompany growth failure. The analysis of metacarpal diameters and cortical thickness in the search of "osteoporosis" may result in false interpretation if not correlated to height and weight.

PMID:
216653
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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