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Arthroscopy. 2011 Aug;27(8):1129-34. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.02.022. Epub 2011 Jun 12.

Sport-specific outcomes after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.

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1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Although anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction has been studied extensively in the literature, sport-specific outcomes have not been well-documented. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess sport-specific outcomes after ACL reconstruction in the literature.

METHODS:

We performed a systematic review of the literature to identify studies reporting sport-specific outcomes after primary ACL reconstruction. Included studies were required to have reported standardized outcomes after primary ACL reconstruction for a single sport or comparing between different sports.

RESULTS:

In total 8 studies conformed to all inclusion criteria: 2 Level II studies, 1 Level III study, and 5 Level IV case series. Only 1 study reported comparisons of standardized outcomes between different sports, whereas 7 studies reported standardized outcomes in a single sport. Return to activity was the most common sport-specific outcome reported and varied from 19% (soccer) to 100% (bicycling and rugby), although the methods of measuring this outcome differed.

CONCLUSIONS:

Whereas return to activity after ACL reconstruction appears more likely for bicycling and jogging than for cutting and pivoting sports such as soccer and football, the literature on sport-specific outcomes from ACL reconstruction is limited with minimal data. Further studies are needed to report sport-specific outcomes and return to play after ACL reconstruction.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:

Level IV, systematic review of Level II, III, and IV studies.

PMID:
21664792
DOI:
10.1016/j.arthro.2011.02.022
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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