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Best Pract Res Clin Rheumatol. 2011 Feb;25(1):31-42. doi: 10.1016/j.berh.2010.12.001.

Hand pain other than carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS): the role of occupational factors.

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Servicio de Reumatología, Hospital Universitario Puerta de Hierro Majadahonda, C/Joaquin Rodrigo, Majadahonda, Madrid, Spain.


Some occupational factors have been implicated in the development of disorders manifested as hand pain. The associations seem to be well documented in processes such as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) or writer's cramp. There are contradictory data in the literature about the relationships of trigger finger, De Quervain's tenosynovitis (DQT) and tenosynovitis of the wrist with occupational factors. In this article, we review current knowledge about clinical manifestations, case definition, implicated occupational factors, diagnosis and treatment of the most relevant hand pain disorders that have been associated with occupational factors, excluding carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

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