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J Biomed Sci. 2011 Jun 13;18:38. doi: 10.1186/1423-0127-18-38.

PLCβ1-SHP-2 complex, PLCβ1 tyrosine dephosphorylation and SHP-2 phosphatase activity: a new part of Angiotensin II signaling?

Author information

1
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Clinica Medica University of Padova, School of Medicine, Italy. renzcalo@unipd.it

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling occurs via two major receptors which activate non-receptor tyrosin kinases that then interact with protein tyrosin-phosphatases (PTPs) to regulate cell function. SHP-2 is one such important PTP that also functions as an adaptor to promote downstream signaling pathway. Its role in Ang II signaling remains to be clarified.

RESULTS:

Using cultured normal human fibroblasts, immunoprecipitation and western blots, we show for the first time that SHP-2 and PLCβ1 are present as a preformed complex. Complex PLCβ1 is tyr-phosphorylated basally and Ang II increased SHP-2-PLCβ1 complexes and caused complex associated PLCβ1 tyr-phosphorylation to decline while complex associated SHP-2's tyr-phosphorylation increased and did so via the Ang II type 1 receptors as shown by Ang II type 1 receptor blocker losartan's effects. Moreover, Ang II induced both increased complex phosphatase activity and decreased complex associated PLCβ1 tyr-phosphorylation, the latter response required regulator of G protein signaling (RGS)-2.

CONCLUSIONS:

Ang II signals are shown for the first time to involve a preformed SHP-2-PLCβ1 complex. Changes in the complex's PLCβ1 tyr-phosphorylation and SHP-2's tyr-phosphorylation as well as SHP-2-PLCβ1 complex formation are the result of Ang II type 1 receptor activation with changes in complex associated PLCβ1 tyr-phosphorylation requiring RGS-2. These findings might significantly expand the number and complexity of Ang II signaling pathways. Further studies are needed to delineate the role/s of this complex in the Ang II signaling system.

PMID:
21663700
PMCID:
PMC3120746
DOI:
10.1186/1423-0127-18-38
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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