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Neurosci Lett. 1990 Jun 8;113(3):315-21.

D-CPP-ene (SDZ EAA 494), a potent and competitive N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) antagonist: effect on spontaneous activity and NMDA-induced depolarizations in the rat neocortical slice preparation, compared with other CPP derivatives and MK-801.

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  • 1Sandoz Research Institute Bern, Switzerland.


D- and L-enantiomers of the competitive NMDA antagonists CPP and CPP-ene, as well as the non-competitive NMDA antagonist MK-801, inhibited spontaneous activity occurring in slices of rat cerebral cortex exposed to Mg2(+)-free medium. D-CPP-ene (SDZ EAA 494) was the most active competitive antagonist with a threshold concentration of 10 nM and an ED50 of 39 nM. The inhibitory effects of all competitive antagonists were reversible, whereas reversibility following MK-801 (ED50 = 33 nM) was incomplete and slow. D-CPP-ene was also the most potent competitive antagonist against NMDA-evoked depolarizations, having an apparent pA2 value of 6.8; its action was specific to the NMDA type of excitatory amino acid receptor.

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