Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Endoscopy. 2011 Aug;43(8):649-56. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1256474. Epub 2011 Jun 9.

Comparison of transnasal small-caliber vs. peroral conventional esophagogastroduodenoscopy for evaluating varices in unsedated cirrhotic patients.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, Konkuk University School of Medicine, Konkuk University Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:

We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of transnasal small-caliber esophagogastroduodenoscopy (TNSC-EGD) compared with peroral conventional EGD (POC-EGD) for evaluating varices in unsedated patients with liver cirrhosis. The success rate, safety, endoscopist satisfaction, and patient tolerability of TNSC-EGD were also addressed.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

One hundred patients with liver cirrhosis participated in this randomized crossover trial, and 84 subjects completed both procedures. Of the 84 patients, 28 had marked bleeding diathesis (platelet count ≤ 50000/mm (3) and/or prothrombin time ≥ 1.7 INR). Endoscopists and patients answered questionnaires using a 100-mm visual analog scale about, respectively, their satisfaction and their tolerance of the procedure.

RESULTS:

The success rate of TNSC-EGD was comparable to that of POC-EGD (96% vs. 99%). Nasal mucosal hemorrhages induced by TNSC-EGD occurred in 5 patients (6%), but were easily controlled. Compared to the POC-EGD reference test, diagnostic accuracies of TNSC-EGD for detecting esophageal varices, gastric varices, and red color signs were 98%, 98%, and 96%, respectively. Concordance rates on grading esophageal varices and gastric varices were excellent at 93% (κ  =  0.85) and 96% (κ  = 0.87). Endoscopist satisfaction was not significantly different between TNSC-EGD and POC-EGD, whereas patient tolerance of TNSC-EGD was significantly greater than that of POC-EGD (79.0 ± 14.4 vs. 69.5 ± 16.1; P  = 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

TNSC-EGD without sedation was found to be feasible, safe, and accurate for evaluating esophageal varices, gastric varices, and red color signs in patients with cirrhosis - even in those with marked bleeding diathesis. Furthermore, it was significantly better tolerated by patients, without altering endoscopist satisfaction. Our findings indicate that TNSC-EGD without sedation might be viewed as a potential alternative to POC-EGD for evaluation of varices.

PMID:
21660907
DOI:
10.1055/s-0030-1256474
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Georg Thieme Verlag Stuttgart, New York
Loading ...
Support Center