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Behav Med. 2011 Apr;37(2):35-41. doi: 10.1080/08964289.2011.552925.

Modern health worries, health care utilization, and symptom reporting: a cross-cultural comparison.

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University of St Andrews, School of Medicine, Fife, Scotland, UK.


Perception of risk to personal health from features of modern life and technology is increasing across the globe. We investigated whether these concerns exist in the Turkish setting in the same degree and whether symptom reports mediate the relationship between modern health worries (MHWs) and health care utilization in the UK and Turkish settings. A total of 506 University of St Andrews students and a total of 424 Turkish university students in Istanbul Bilgi University participated in the study. The factor structure of the MHW scale was similar in both samples and previous literature with the addition of a new factor, "ingested toxins." Turkish sample had higher scores on all items compared to the UK sample. We also tested a moderated mediational hypothesis in both samples which showed that subjective health complaints mediated the relationship between MHWs and health care utilization in both samples.

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