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Int J Shoulder Surg. 2011 Jan;5(1):1-8. doi: 10.4103/0973-6042.80459.

Sprengel's deformity of the shoulder: Current perspectives in management.

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Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seth GS Medical College & King Edward VII Memorial Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India.


Sprengel's deformity or congenital elevation of scapula is a complex deformity of the pectoral girdle, and results in symptomatic cosmetic and functional disability. Several studies have attempted to analyze the three-dimensional aspects of this deformity; optimal methodologies of quantification and surgical correction techniques have been debated since the condition was first described. This article presents a concise review of the exact pathoanatomy, clinical presentation, imaging techniques, and surgical procedures described in the management of this condition.


Congenital anomaly; Sprengel’s deformity; shoulder

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