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Nucleic Acids Res. 2011 Sep 1;39(17):7361-70. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkr450. Epub 2011 Jun 7.

RNA degradome--its biogenesis and functions.

Author information

1
Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences, Noskowskiego, Poznań, Poland.

Abstract

RNA degradation is among the most fundamental processes that occur in living cells. The continuous decay of RNA molecules is associated not only with nucleotide turnover, but also with transcript maturation and quality control. The efficiency of RNA decay is ensured by a broad spectrum of both specific and non-specific ribonucleases. Some of these ribonucleases participate mainly in processing primary transcripts and in RNA quality control. Others preferentially digest mature, functional RNAs to yield a variety of molecules that together constitute the RNA degradome. Recently, it has become increasingly clear that the composition of the cellular RNA degradome can be modulated by numerous endogenous and exogenous factors (e.g. by stress). In addition, instead of being hydrolyzed to single nucleotides, some intermediates of RNA degradation can accumulate and function as signalling molecules or participate in mechanisms that control gene expression. Thus, RNA degradation appears to be not only a process that contributes to the maintenance of cellular homeostasis but also an underestimated source of regulatory molecules.

PMID:
21653558
PMCID:
PMC3177198
DOI:
10.1093/nar/gkr450
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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