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Proc Am Thorac Soc. 2011 Jun;8(3):313-9. doi: 10.1513/pats.201009-058WR.

Cigarette smoking in the HIV-infected population.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio 43210, USA.

Abstract

As mortality due to AIDS-related causes has decreased with the use of antiretroviral therapy, there has been a rise in deaths related to non-AIDS-defining illnesses. Given the exceedingly high prevalence of cigarette smoking among individuals living with HIV infection, tobacco has been implicated as a major contributor to this paradigm shift. Evidence suggests that smoking-related illnesses, such as cardiovascular disease, respiratory illnesses, and certain malignancies, contribute substantially to morbidity and mortality among HIV-infected persons. In this review, we summarize the adverse health consequences of smoking relevant to HIV-infected individuals and discuss smoking cessation in this unique population, including a discussion of barriers to quitting and a review of studies that have examined smoking cessation interventions.

PMID:
21653534
PMCID:
PMC3132791
DOI:
10.1513/pats.201009-058WR
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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