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Development. 2011 Jul;138(13):2823-32. doi: 10.1242/dev.061879.

LMO4 functions as a co-activator of neurogenin 2 in the developing cortex.

Author information

  • 1Program in Developmental Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

The proneural protein neurogenin 2 (NGN2) is a key transcription factor in regulating both neurogenesis and neuronal radial migration in the embryonic cerebral cortex. However, the co-factors that support the action of NGN2 in the cortex remain unclear. Here, we show that the LIM-only protein LMO4 functions as a novel co-factor of NGN2 in the developing cortex. LMO4 and its binding partner nuclear LIM interactor (NLI/LDB1/CLIM2) interact with NGN2 simultaneously, forming a multi-protein transcription complex. This complex is recruited to the E-box containing enhancers of NGN2-target genes, which regulate various aspects of cortical development, and activates NGN2-mediated transcription. Correspondingly, analysis of Lmo4-null embryos shows that the loss of LMO4 leads to impairments of neuronal differentiation in the cortex. In addition, expression of LMO4 facilitates NGN2-mediated radial migration of cortical neurons in the embryonic cortex. Our results indicate that LMO4 promotes the acquisition of cortical neuronal identities by forming a complex with NGN2 and subsequently activating NGN2-dependent gene expression.

PMID:
21652654
PMCID:
PMC3109604
DOI:
10.1242/dev.061879
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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