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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2011 Nov-Dec;1809(11-12):722-31. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagrm.2011.05.011. Epub 2011 May 30.

Antiviral strategies in plants based on RNA silencing.

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Camous Universidad Autinoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain.


One of the challenges being faced in the twenty-first century is the biological control of plant viral infections. Among the different strategies to combat virus infections, those based on pathogen-derived resistance (PDR) are probably the most powerful approaches to confer virus resistance in plants. The application of the PDR concept not only revealed the existence of a previously unknown sequence-specific RNA-degradation mechanism in plants, but has also helped to design antiviral strategies to engineer viral resistant plants in the last 25 years. In this article, we review the different platforms related to RNA silencing that have been developed during this time to obtain plants resistant to viruses and illustrate examples of current applications of RNA silencing to protect crop plants against viral diseases of agronomic relevance. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: MicroRNAs in viral gene regulation.

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