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Mitochondrion. 2011 Sep;11(5):774-7. doi: 10.1016/j.mito.2011.05.009. Epub 2011 May 30.

Physiological variables and mitochondrial-related genotypes of an athlete who excels in both short and long-distance running.

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  • 1Department of Nutritional Sciences, School of Health Sciences, Ariel University Center, Israel.


We report the athletic, physiological and mitochondrial-related genomic data of an Israeli endurance runner. He is holding the Israeli record in 10,000, 5000, 1500 and 800 m run, along with being one of the best Israeli 400 m runners. We tested the ACTN3 R577X, and six polymorphisms in the PPARGC1A-NRF-TFAM pathway genes. The case athlete was heterozygous for the ACTN3 R577X variation and had five out of six 'endurance-oriented' genotypes, scoring significantly high in endurance 'optimal' genotype profile. In conclusion, we suggest that the case athlete is favoured by polygenic profile that is more suitable for mitochondrial biogenesis, regardless of his good phenotypic accomplishments in short-term running events.

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