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J Ethnopharmacol. 2011 Sep 1;137(1):312-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.032. Epub 2011 May 31.

Neurotrophic activity of DA-9801, a mixture extract of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. and Dioscorea nipponica Makino, in vitro.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, 505 Banpo-4-dong, Seocho-ku, Seoul 137-701, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE:

Dioscorea japonica Thunb. has been traditionally used to treat polyuria and diabetes in Korea.

AIM OF THE STUDY:

We previously report the effects of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. extract on glucose control, NGF induction, and neuroprotection in a rodent diabetic model. Since the most potent fraction, DA-9801, was identified from a mixture of Dioscorea japonica Thunb. (DJ) and Dioscorea nipponica Makino (DN) following bioactivity-guided fractionation, here, we investigated the potential mechanism of the extract activity against diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN).

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A 1:3 mixture of DJ and DN was extracted with ethanol (DA-9801) and further fractionated into an ethylacetate-soluble fraction (DA-9801E). Effects of these extracts on neurite outgrowth were measured in PC-12 cells and DRG neurons. Effects on cell viability and TrkA phosphorylation were evaluated in PC-12 cells. NGF induction effect was determined in primary Schwann cells as well as IMS32 cells (immortalized Schwann cells).

RESULTS:

No cytotoxicity was observed in PC-12 cells at the concentration below 500 μg/ml of either DA-9801 or DA-9801E. DA-9801 and DA-9801E at 100 μg/ml and 10 μg/ml, respectively, showed a significant effect on neurite outgrowth in PC-12 cells and DRG neurons in the presence of or absence a low concentration of NGF (2 ng/ml). The Trk-A phosphorylation effect of DA9801 was confirmed in PC-12 cells. An NGF induction effect of these extracts was not detected in either IMS-32 cells, or primary Schwann cells.

CONCLUSIONS:

The NGF agonistic activity of DA-9801 and DA-9801E was demonstrated, which may contribute to their neuroprotective effect against DPN. Studies of the detailed mechanism of these extracts as well as identification of the active components are warranted for the development of an anti-DPN drug from DJ and DN.

PMID:
21651968
DOI:
10.1016/j.jep.2011.05.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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