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Leuk Lymphoma. 2011 Aug;52(8):1509-16. doi: 10.3109/10428194.2011.574752. Epub 2011 Jun 10.

Effect of concomitant statin, metformin, or aspirin on rituximab treatment for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Centre Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

Several pre-clinical studies report that statins interfere with the surface binding of rituximab to CD20. This study investigated the effects of statins in patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) receiving rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy, and the impact of commonly used drugs, metformin and aspirin, on the clinical outcomes of patients receiving chemoimmunotherapy. We included 213 patients with DLBCL who received rituximab-based chemoimmunotherapy. Details of statin, metformin, and aspirin use and initiation of chemoimmunotherapy were abstracted from medical records. All patients received rituximab, and 47 (22.1%) were taking statins. The median age of patients receiving statins was significantly higher compared to those who did not (p <0.001). Response rates between patients receiving and not receiving statins were not significantly different (85.1% vs. 87.3%; p = 0.688). Event-free survival (EFS) was not significantly different (p = 0.352). Overall survival was lower in patients receiving statins compared to those who did not (p = 0.036). However, it was no longer significant after adjustment for age (p = 0.140). Metformin had no impact on the response rate (p = 0.268), EFS (p = 0.574), and overall survival (p = 0.141). Aspirin had no impact on the response rate (p = 0.784), EFS (p = 0.836), and overall survival (p = 0.779). Statins do not interfere with rituximab, and need not be withheld during rituximab administration. Larger studies are needed to confirm the impact of metformin and aspirin on patients with DLBCL receiving chemoimmunotherapy.

PMID:
21651435
DOI:
10.3109/10428194.2011.574752
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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