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Int J Pediatr Obes. 2011 Aug;6(3-4):169-77. doi: 10.3109/17477166.2011.579975. Epub 2011 Jun 8.

Improvement of aerobic fitness in obese children: a meta-analysis.

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Universidad de Extremadura, Facultad de Ciencias del Deporte, AFIDES Research Group, Spain.


The purpose of this meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of diverse interventions in aerobic fitness adjusted for weight in obese children. A computerized search of seven databases was carried out using keywords. Effect sizes and 95% confidence intervals were calculated, and the heterogeneity of the studies was assessed using Cochran's Q statistic applied to the effect size means. Nine studies were selected for review as satisfying the inclusion criteria (n patients = 311). The conclusions of the meta-analysis were: (i) the programs based on aerobic exercise have a moderate positive effect on aerobic fitness; (ii) the programs based on aerobic exercise lasting more than 12 weeks (3000 minutes total exercise time) in three sessions per week (more than 60 min per session) obtain better results; (iii) overall, combined programs fail to achieve improvements in aerobic fitness; and (iv) few randomized clinical trials have been conducted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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