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Pediatr Int. 2011 Apr;53(2):264-76.

Japanese Guidelines for the Management of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Children 2007 with focus on pneumonia.

Author information

1
Chiba University, Chiba, Kaname-cho, Toshima-ku, Tokyo 171-0043, Japan. uehara@zd5.so-net.ne.jp

Abstract

Members of the Japanese Society of Pediatric Pulmonology and the Japanese Society for Pediatric Infectious Diseases developed the Guidelines for the Management of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Children with the objective of facilitating the appropriate diagnosis and treatment of childhood respiratory infections. To date, a first edition (2004) and a revised edition (2007) have been issued. Many problems complicate the diagnosis of the pathogens responsible for bronchopulmonary infections in children. The Guidelines were the first pediatric guidelines in the world to recommend treatment with antimicrobials suited to causative pathogens as identified from cultures of sputum and other clinical specimens collected from infection sites and satisfying assessment criteria. The major causative microorganisms for pneumonia in infants and children were revealed to be Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Mycoplasma pneumoniae. This manuscript describes the Guidelines for the Management of Respiratory Infectious Diseases in Children in Japan 2007, with a focus on pneumonia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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