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J Aging Health. 2012 Feb;24(1):92-112. doi: 10.1177/0898264311408899. Epub 2011 Jun 6.

Effects of electronic health information technology implementation on nursing home resident outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Human Development, MVR Hall, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853, USA. kap6@cornell.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To examine the effects of electronic health information technology (HIT) on nursing home residents.

METHODS:

The study evaluated the impact of implementing a comprehensive HIT system on resident clinical, functional, and quality of care outcome indicators as well as measures of resident awareness of and satisfaction with the technology. The study used a prospective, quasi-experimental design, directly assessing 761 nursing home residents in 10 urban and suburban nursing homes in the greater New York City area.

RESULTS:

No statistically significant impact of the introduction of HIT on residents was found on any outcomes, with the exception of a significant negative effect on behavioral symptoms. Residents' subjective assessment of the HIT intervention were generally positive.

DISCUSSION:

The absence of effects on most indicators is encouraging for the future development of HIT in nursing homes. The single negative finding suggests that further investigation is needed on possible impact on resident behavior.

PMID:
21646551
PMCID:
PMC3677697
DOI:
10.1177/0898264311408899
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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