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Clin Perinatol. 2011 Jun;38(2):179-92. doi: 10.1016/j.clp.2011.03.007.

Recent trends and patterns in cesarean and vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) deliveries in the United States.

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Division of Vital Statistics, Reproductive Statistics Branch, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA.


Cesarean delivery is the most common major surgical procedure for women in the United States, with 1.4 million surgeries annually. In 2008, nearly one-third (32.3%) of US births were by cesarean delivery. Cesarean delivery rates have increased rapidly in the United States in recent years because of an increasing primary cesarean delivery rate and a declining vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) rate. In 2007, the VBAC rate was 8.3% in a 22-state reporting area. The US VBAC rate was lowest among 14 industrialized countries; 3 countries had VBAC rates greater than 50%.

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