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Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2011 Oct;60(10):1439-46. doi: 10.1007/s00262-011-1048-9. Epub 2011 Jun 5.

An ADP ribosylation factor-GTPase activating protein negatively regulates the production of proinflammatory mediators in response to lipopolysaccharide.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Aichi Medical University School of Medicine, Nagakute, Aichi 480-1195, Japan.


An ADP ribosylation factor-GTPase activating protein (ASAP1) is highly expressed in a variety of tumor cells and is involved in the cell motility, invasion, and metastasis. In order to elucidate the involvement of ASAP1 in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-mediated inflammatory response, the effect of ASAP1 silencing on LPS-induced proinflammatory mediators production was examined by using RAW 264.7 macrophage-like cells. ASAP1 was constitutively expressed in the cells and the expression was augmented by LPS stimulation. Silencing of ASAP1 with small interfering RNA enhanced the production of tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin 6, interferon-β, and nitric oxide in response to LPS. ASAP1 silencing augmented the activation of nuclear factor (NF)-κB and several mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs). On the other hand, ASAP1 silencing did not affect the expression of IRAK4, TRAF6, and Akt as the upstream molecules of NF-κB signaling. A series of toll-like receptor ligands as well as LPS augmented the ASAP1 expression. Taken together, ASAP1 was suggested to negatively regulate LPS-induced proinflammatory mediators production through down-regulating LPS signaling. The feedback function of ASAP1 in LPS-mediated inflammatory response is discussed.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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