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Int J Pharm. 2011 Aug 30;415(1-2):53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.05.034. Epub 2011 May 27.

Liposome preparation using a hollow fiber membrane contactor--application to spironolactone encapsulation.

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Laboratoire d'Automatique et de Génie des Procédés, UMR-CNRS 5007, Université Claude Bernard Lyon 1, CPE Lyon, Bat 308 G, 43 Boulevard du 11 Novembre 1918, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex, France.


In this study, we present a novel liposome preparation technique suitable for the entrapment of pharmaceutical and cosmetic agents. This new method uses a membrane contactor in a hollow fiber configuration. In order to investigate the process, key parameters influence on the liposome characteristics was studied. It has been established that the vesicle size distribution decreased with the organic phase pressure decrease, the phospholipid concentration decreases and the aqueous to organic phase volume ratio increases. Liposomes were filled with a hydrophobic drug model, spironolactone that could be used for a paediatric medication. The mean size of drug-free and drug-loaded liposomes was, respectively, 113 ± 4 nm and 123 ± 3 nm. The zeta potential of drug-free and drug-loaded liposomes was, respectively, -43 ± 0.7 mV and -23 ± 0.6 mV. High entrapment efficiency values were successfully achieved (93 ± 1.12%). Transmission electron microscopy images revealed nanometric sized and spherical shaped oligo-lamellar vesicles. The release profile showed a rapid and complete release within about 5h. Additionally, special attention was paid on process reproducibility and long term lipid vesicles stability. Results confirmed the robustness of the hollow fiber module based technique. Moreover, the technique is simple, fast and has a potential for continuous production of nanosized liposome suspensions at large scale.

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