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Epigenetics. 2011 Jul;6(7):838-42. Epub 2011 Jul 1.

Environmental epigenetic transgenerational inheritance and somatic epigenetic mitotic stability.

Author information

1
Center for Reproductive Biology, School of Biological Sciences, Washington State University, Pullman, WA, USA. skinner@wsu.edu

Abstract

The majority of environmental factors can not modify DNA sequence, but can influence the epigenome. The mitotic stability of the epigenome and ability of environmental epigenetics to influence phenotypic variation and disease, suggests environmental epigenetics will have a critical role in disease etiology and biological areas such as evolutionary biology. The current review presents the molecular basis of how environment can promote stable epigenomes and modified phenotypes, and distinguishes the difference between epigenetic transgenerational inheritance through the germ line versus somatic cell mitotic stability.

PMID:
21637037
PMCID:
PMC5703187
DOI:
10.4161/epi.6.7.16537
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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