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Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Aug;4(4):506-9. doi: 10.1161/CIRCEP.111.961987. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Entrainment for distinguishing atypical atrioventricular node reentrant tachycardia from atrioventricular reentrant tachycardia over septal accessory pathways with long-RP [corrected] tachycardia.

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Division of Cardiology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol. 2011 Oct;4(5):e69. Hogg, Elaina C [corrected to Hogg, Ellaina C].



The response to right ventricular (RV) entrainment is useful to distinguish atypical AV node reentrant tachycardia from AV reentrant tachycardia using a septal accessory pathway. Whether entrainment can differentiate between AV node reentrant tachycardia and AV reentrant tachycardia in patients with long-RP tachycardia has not been systematically validated.


Twenty-four patients with concealed septal accessory pathways who had an electrophysiology study between January 1, 2000, and January 1, 2010, were included (age, 38 ± 17 years; men, 17). Entrainment was performed from the RV apex pacing at cycle length 20 to 40 ms shorter than tachycardia cycle length (TCL). The mean TCL was 390 ± 80 ms, the mean AH interval during tachycardia was 151 ± 57 ms, and the mean ventriculoatrial (VA) time was 182 ± 103 ms. Twelve patients had typical accessory pathways (VA/TCL <40%), and 12 had slowly conducting accessory pathways (VA/TCL ≥ 40%). In all patients with typical accessory pathways, the postpacing interval minus the TCL (PPI-TCL) was <115 ms and the difference in the VA interval during pacing and tachycardia (StimA-VA) was <85 ms. On the other hand, in 6 of the 12 patients in the slowly conducting group, the PPI-TCL was >115 ms, and the StimA-VA was > 85 ms.


Slowly conducting accessory pathways frequently yield RV entrainment criteria traditionally attributable to AV node reentry. Distinguishing AV node reentry from AV reentry in patients with long-RP tachycardia requires other criteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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