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Tob Control. 2012 May;21(3):377-9. doi: 10.1136/tc.2010.042416. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Waterpipe tobacco products: nicotine labelling versus nicotine delivery.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 980205, Richmond, VA 23298, USA. arvansickel@vcu.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Waterpipe tobacco package labelling typically indicates "0.0% tar" and "0.05% or 0.5% nicotine".

OBJECTIVE:

To determine the extent to which nicotine labeling is related to nicotine delivery.

METHODS:

110 waterpipe smokers engaged in a 45-minute waterpipe smoking session. Puff topography and plasma nicotine were measured. Three waterpipe tobacco brands were used: Nakhla (0.5% nicotine), Starbuzz (0.05% nicotine), and Al Fakher (0.05% nicotine). Data were analyzed by one-way ANOVA.

RESULTS:

Topography did not differ across brands. Peak plasma nicotine varied significantly across brands. Al Fakher had the highest nicotine delivery (11.4 ng/ml) followed by Nakhla (9.8 ng/ml) and Starbuzz (5.8 ng/ml).

CONCLUSIONS:

Nicotine labelling on waterpipe tobacco products does not reflect delivery; smoking a brand with a "0.05% nicotine" label led to greater plasma nicotine levels than smoking a brand with a "0.5% nicotine" label. Waterpipe tobacco products should be labelled in a manner that does not mislead consumers.

PMID:
21636612
PMCID:
PMC3739484
DOI:
10.1136/tc.2010.042416
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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