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Vaccine. 1990 Jun;8(3):249-56.

Isotype responses of infected, virus-vaccinated and peptide-vaccinated cattle to foot-and-mouth disease virus.

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AFRC Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright Laboratory, Woking, Surrey, UK.


An ELISA to measure bovine serum immunoglobulin isotypes (IgG1, IgG2, IgM and IgA) specific for foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) or for synthetic FMDV peptides is described. Sera from cattle infected by FMDV, vaccinated with conventional inactivated virus vaccines or vaccinated with synthetic peptides were examined using this assay. Generally IgG subclasses dominated the antibody responses of all groups after an early IgM response had waned. An exception to this pattern was seen in the case of a group of immature calves given multiple or high doses of synthetic peptide and in which levels of IgM continued to rise until the end of the experimental period. Both infected animals and those vaccinated with inactivated virus mounted antibody responses in which IgG1 titres tended to predominate over those of IgG2. In some infected animals, an early IgG2 response was evident but resolution of lesions and clinical recovery did not occur until IgG1 antibody appeared in the serum some days later. In synthetic-peptide immunized animals the response was more variable but IgG1:IgG2 ratios at 21 days postvaccination were significantly lower than those of virus-vaccinated animals. It is proposed that differences in the isotype profiles induced by conventional FMD vaccines and those resulting from vaccination of cattle with synthetic FMDV peptides may in part account for the lower protective index of peptide-induced antibodies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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