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Vaccine. 1990 Jun;8(3):213-6.

Identification of foot-and-mouth disease virus replication in vaccinated cattle by antibodies to non-structural virus proteins.

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Federal Research Centre for Virus Diseases of Animals, Tübingen, FRG.


Antibodies raised in cattle against foot-and-mouth disease virus by vaccination or by experimental infection were distinguished. Vaccination elicited only antibodies to virus capsid proteins and the polymerase 3D. Virus replication in cattle elicited additional antibodies directed against the non-structural proteins 2B, 2C, 3AB1, and/or 3C irrespective of prior vaccination or whether the cattle exhibited symptoms of disease. Non-permissive mice inoculated with virus responded in the same way, indicating that antibodies raised due to the transient presence of antigen are safely recognized by the method applied which was radioimmunoprecipitation. All kinds of infections were thus detected and it was possible to differentiate between cattle exposed or not exposed to challenge in the field, and further between protected animals and possible virus carriers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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