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Pharmacogenomics. 2011 Jul;12(7):977-84. doi: 10.2217/pgs.11.33. Epub 2011 Jun 2.

Impact of the CYP3A4*1G polymorphism and its combination with CYP3A5 genotypes on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics in renal transplant patients.

Author information

1
Akita University School of Medicine, 1-1-1 Hondo, Akita 010-8543, Japan.

Abstract

AIM:

Tacrolimus is a substrate of CYP3A4 and CYP3A5. The present study investigated the impact of the CYP3A4*1/*1G polymorphism compared with CYP3A5 genotypes on the dose-adjusted pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus. The effects of the polymorphism on the variability in tacrolimus pharmacokinetics among patients with the CYP3A5*1 allele (CYP3A5 expresser) and among those with CYP3A5*3/*3 genotype (nonexpresser) were also studied.

MATERIALS & METHODS:

A total of 136 renal allograft recipients were given repeated doses of tacrolimus every 12 h. On day 28 after the renal transplantation, blood tacrolimus concentrations were measured, and dose-adjusted pharmacokinetics were determined and compared with the corresponding genotype.

RESULTS:

The dose-adjusted AUC₀₋₁₂ and C₀ of tacrolimus were significantly lower in patients with the CYP3A4*1G allele and CYP3A5 expressers than those with the CYP3A4*1/*1 genotype and nonexpressers, respectively. In a multiple regression analysis, the dose-adjusted AUC₀₋₁₂ and C₀ values were associated with CYP3A4*1/*1 (p = 0.018 and 0.040, respectively) and CYP3A5*3/*3 (p < 0.001 each). The standardized regression coefficient for the AUC₀₋₁₂ of tacrolimus was approximately twofold less for CYP3A4*1/*1 than CYP3A5*3/*3. The lowest dose-adjusted AUC₀₋₁₂ was found in CYP3A5 expressers with the CYP3A4*1G allele.

CONCLUSION:

The CYP3A4*1/*1G polymorphism was associated with the pharmacokinetics of tacrolimus, however, its contribution to dose-adjusted pharmacokinetics was approximately twofold less than that of the CYP3A5*1/*3 polymorphism. Although its effect on CYP3A4 activity is not clear, CYP3A4*1/*1G may be a candidate for a polymorphism affecting the interindividual variability in tacrolimus pharmacokinetics among CYP3A5 expressers.

PMID:
21635144
DOI:
10.2217/pgs.11.33
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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