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Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2011 Nov;30(11):980-2. doi: 10.1097/INF.0b013e318223c0d8.

Varicella arthritis in childhood: a case report and review of the literature.

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1
Infectious and Tropical Diseases Unit, University Hospital of Nancy, Nancy, France. sibyllebevi@free.fr

Abstract

Nonbacterial arthritis is a rare but well-recognized complication of acute varicella in children. Reported cases usually described monoarthritis of the knee that occurs at the onset of the rash or shortly after. Herein, we describe a case of arthritis of the hip that occurred in a 4-year-old girl 6 days before the onset of rash. The presence of varicella-zoster virus DNA in synovial fluid was confirmed by real-time polymerase chain reaction. A review of the literature reported 26 previous cases of aseptic arthritis due to varicella infection among children.

PMID:
21633319
DOI:
10.1097/INF.0b013e318223c0d8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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